Sweden is to set to make history as being the world’s first country to not use fossil fuel by 2050.
Fossil fuel includes coal, oil, petroleum and natural gas products. This source of energy comes from the remains of ancient plants and animals that were buried for millions of years.
Fossil fuels need to be burned to release the energy stored in them. Doing so releases harmful particles and greenhouse gases into the atmosphere. These pollutants have been linked to diseases like cancer and asthma. Burning coal releases sulfur dioxide and heavy metals into the air leading to acid rain and respiratory damage in humans.
Fossil fuels contribute to climate change. When fossil fuels are burned, compounds like carbon dioxide and methane enter the atmosphere and trap heat from the sun leading to a continuous rise in average global temperatures. This leads to the destruction of natural habitat and to a rise in sea levels.
Ambitious as it may seem, Sweden is determined to achieve this goal.
It is already a pioneer in sustainable development and has an impressive resumé of green energy initiatives.
In 2012, this country was able to reach the government’s 2020 target of 50 percent renewable energy.
In 2014, Sweden was able to generate two thirds of its total energy from low-carbon and clean sources.
According to Climate Reality, Sweden announced that by 2030, petrol and diesel cars will be banned in their country. It will also prohibit new exploitation of coal, oil and fossil gas by 2022.
Sweden’s commitment is expected to make waves internationally.
This country is sending out a clear message – the world has the resources and technology to use renewable energy sources.