Senator Sonny Angara said government will be in a better position to fill the massive funding gap for the universal health care (UHC) program with the passage of the tobacco excise tax hike bill.
“With the approval by both the Senate and the House of Representatives of the bill seeking higher tobacco excise taxes, we have come one step closer to giving the government more elbow room to plug the funding gap for the UHC program that aims to provide all Filipinos with affordable and quality health care,” Angara said.
“We have come one step closer.”
The passage of the tobacco excise tax hike bill came a week after the seasoned legislator sponsored the measure on the Senate floor as chair of the Committee on Ways and Means, which conducted hearings on various proposals to raise the excise tax on cigarettes.
The Senate unanimously approved (20 affirmative,0 negative and 0 abstention) on third and final reading the bill imposing higher tobacco excise taxes.
“We look forward to seeing President Duterte sign this important bill into law,” the veteran lawmaker said, noting that the Chief Executive himself wanted the bill passed into law before the adjournment of the current Congress when he certified it as urgent.
The UHC law, which was enacted last February, automatically enrolls all Filipino citizens in the National Health Insurance Program and prescribes complimentary reforms in the country’s health care system.
Aside from giving all Filipinos health insurance, the UHC program also seeks to create more barangay health stations that would serve as primary care units and deploy more doctors and other health service staff.
“The measure seeks to reduce smoking prevalence among Filipinos, especially the youth.”
The Department of Health earlier said it would need P257 billion for the first year of implementation of the law.
For 2020, the government can cover the cost of the UHC program from its current funding sources from the national budget, the Philippine Charity Sweepstakes Office and the Philippine Amusement and Gaming Corporation.
However, the Department of Finance warned the UHC program will be left with a funding shortfall of around P62 billion without the sin tax reform.
Under the Senate-approved version, the excise tax for every cigarette pack will increase from P35 to P60 for the next four years.
Once signed into law, the scheduled increase would be as follows: P45 per pack effective Jan. 1, 2020 until Dec. 31, 2020; P50 in Jan. 2021; P55 in Jan. 2022; and P60 effective Jan. 1, 2023. Thereafter, the rate automatically increases by 5 percent annually.
Also, an excise tax of P10 per pack of 20 units will be imposed on heated tobacco products, while vapor products will have a P10 excise tax for every 10 milliliters starting Jan. 1, 2020. These rates will increase by 5 percent annually beginning Jan. 2021.
Aside from raising crucial funding for the UHC program, the senator said the measure seeks to reduce smoking among Filipinos, especially the youth.
He said a much higher tobacco excise tax would help reduce deaths and disabilities due to smoking.
According to anti-smoking and health advocates, smoking prevalence in the Philippines remains relatively high at 23 percent compared to other countries with successful tobacco control initiatives.
They warned that with the current excise tax rate, an increase of 1.4 million smokers is projected in 2022.